Chapter 40 Immune System Review

 

1. What is a pathogen?

2. What is the difference between a virus and a bacteria?

3. Explain the steps that viruses take to replicate or reproduce.

4. List many examples of diseases caused by a virus.

5. What are two ways that bacteria make us sick.

6. List many examples of disease caused by a bacteria.

7. Name four ways that disease is spread.

8. What are antibiotics and how do they work?

9. What is a vaccine and how does it work?

10. What is the function of the immune system?

11. What are the two major categories of defense the body has against disease caused by pathogens?

12. List 4-5 nonspecific defenses that the body has against disease caused by pathogens.

13. How does a fever help you fight disease caused by pathogens?

14. What is interferon and how does it help you fight disease caused by pathogens?

15. How does sweat help you fight disease caused by pathogens?

16.How does inflammation help you fight disease caused by pathogens?

17. What is the immune response?

18. Distinguish between the two type of specific defenses that the body has against disease caused by pathogens.

19. In humoral immunity, what are antigens and what do they do?

20. What is the function of the B-cells?

21. What are antibodies and what do they do?

22. Describe the relationship between antigens and antibodies.

23. Why is HIV such a deadly virus? (Use information about the immune system)

24. What is the functions of the helper T-cell?

25. What is the function of the killer T-cell?

26. What is the function of the memory T-cell?

27. What is the function of the suppressor T-cell?

28. What causes organ rejection in organ transplants?

29. Distinguish between the primary and secondary immune responses.

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